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Varicose Veins 101
As common as varicose veins are, people still have many misconceptions about them. It’s time to separate fact from fiction! Here are the five things you need to know about varicose veins:
1. What are Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins are swollen veins that bulge out from the surface of your skin. They can be red, blue or flesh-colored. They’re most often found on your legs. People often confuse varicose veins with spider veins; spider veins are usually much smaller and closer to the surface of the skin.
2. What Causes Varicose Veins?
Veins carry blood from all over your body back to your heart, and they have one-way valves that help keep the blood flowing in the right direction. If these valves are weak or damaged, the blood backs up and pools in your veins. This causes the veins to swell. Over time, this swelling can cause varicose veins.
3. Are You at Risk for Varicose Veins?
There are many factors that increase your risk of developing varicose veins.
Varicose vein treatments have three main goals: to relieve symptoms, prevent complications and improve appearance. Most people start by making lifestyle changes:
Simple strategies like these offer relief for many varicose vein sufferers.
Patients can develop complications from varicose veins that may include painful clots (phlebitis). Infrequently, a more severe form of venous insufficiency can lead to deep blood clots, ulcers, sores, and fluid buildup (edema).
5. What are my Other Treatment Options?
If you’ve tried lifestyle changes for varicose veins without much relief, there are several medical procedures that can help. Those available in the CVI’s Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery include:
Above content provided by the CardioVascular Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.